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techtalk:ih:oil04 [2020/04/28 22:53]
hippysmack ↷ Links adapted because of a move operation
techtalk:ih:oil04 [2021/05/24 04:09] (current)
hippysmack [Connections For Converting 57-76 Models to an Ext Oil Filter and Oil Cooler]
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 ====== IH: Oiling & Lubrication ====== ====== IH: Oiling & Lubrication ======
 ====== Oil Tank, Lines and Routing ====== ====== Oil Tank, Lines and Routing ======
- +\\ 
-====== Oil Tank Cap ======+====== Oil Tank Assemblies ​======
 ===== Sub Documents ===== ===== Sub Documents =====
-  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04a|Rebuilding the Kidney Tank Oil Cap]]+  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04e|Pics and Information on 1957-1978 XL, XLH "Kidney" Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04f|Pics and Information on 1958-1965 XLCH "​Horseshoe"​ Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04g|Pics and Information on 1966-E1973 XLCH "​Lunchbox"​ Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04h|Pics and Information on L1973-1978 XLCH Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04i|Pics and Information on 1977-1978 XLCR Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04j|Pics and Information on 1979-1981 Sportster Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04k|Pics and Information on 1982 Sportster Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04l|Pics and Information on 1983-1993 Sportster Oil Tanks]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​ih:​oil04m|1982-1993 Sportster Retrofit Oil Tank Kit (except XR-1000)]] 
 +  * [[techtalk:​evo:​oil04k|How to Distinguish Between 1982-2001 ​Oil Tanks at a Glance]]
 \\ \\
-There have been negative comments about in-tank oil filters in the past, but these all refer to an old, original "horse hair" filter. ((IronMick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2072162)) \\  
-The modern replacements are very good indeed. \\ 
-But you'll need to shorten your dipstick to use the newer in-tank filters unless you find a "​Horsehair"​ type. ((Popgadget of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2072162)) \\ 
-The newer pleated paper ones are a better choice though. \\ 
-See the example below of shortening the dipstick. \\ 
  
-|  ​Uncut dipstick. ((IronMick ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2072162))  |  ​After cutting. ((IronMick ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2072162))  |  ​Roll pin goes thru the "​top"​ (smallerhole. ((IronMick ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2072162))  +Tank Assembly per Year Model: \\ 
-|{{:​techtalk:​ref:​oil:dipstick_mod_1_by_ironmick.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:techtalk:​ref:​oil:​dipstick_mod_2_by_ironmick.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:techtalk:​ref:oil:​dipstick_mod_3_by_ironmick.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|+ 
 +^{{techtalk:​miscres:​instruction_sheet_header_4.png?​nolink&​820|}}||||| 
 +|Year|Model|Tank Part #|Oil Cap|Battery Tray| 
 +|1957-E1962|XL,​XLH|62507-56A|62610-52|66224-52B \\ 66224-52C| 
 +|  ​Notes: |6v battery carrier (66224-52C) replaced -52B for 57-60 in 1961.|||| 
 +|1958-1961 \\ 1962 \\ 1963-1965|XLC,​ XLCH|62503-52 \\ 62503-52A \\ 62503-52B|62626-54 \\ 62625-62|N/​A| 
 +|  Notes: |Screw-in filler cap. Cap 62626-54 has no dipstick, 62625-62 and future caps have a dipstick.|||| 
 +|L1962-1963 \\ 1964|XLH|62507-62 \\ 62507-62A \\ 62507-62B|62610-52|66224-52C| 
 +|  Notes: |Tank 62507-62B ​(sold for L62-66 since 1969).|||| 
 +|1965-1966|XLH|62507-62B|62610-52 \\ 62610-52A|66223-65| 
 +|  Notes: |Filler cap 62610-52 ​(E66), cap 62610-52A (L66).|||| 
 +|1966-1969|XLCH|62508-66|62625-62 \\ 62625-66A|N/​A| 
 +|  Notes: |Filler cap 62625-62 (66), cap 62625-66A (67) (both screw-in caps). Drain plug (704) in on the left side of the bike\\ Oil filler hole is on the front side of the tank|||| 
 +|1967-1971|XLH|62507-67|62610-52A|66205-67 \\ 66205-67A (70)
 + Notes: |(12v) battery support (66480-67) required.|||| 
 +|1970-E1973|XLCH|62508-70|62625-70|66208-70| 
 +|  ​Notes: |62508-70 "​lunchbox"​ tankDrain plug (704) is on the right side at the bottom ​of the tank\\ Oil filler hole is on the rear side of the tank.|||| 
 +|1972 \\ 1973-1978|XLH|62507-72 \\ 62507-67A|62610-52A|66205-67B \\ 66205-67C (75)
 +|:::​|:::​|:::​|:::​|66205-75 \\ 66205-78| 
 + Notes: ​|  ​|||| 
 +|L1973-1978|XLCH|62508-73|62625-70|66236-73| 
 +|  Notes: |  |||| 
 +|1977-1978|XLCR|62514-77|62625-70|Built-into \\ oil tank| 
 +|  Notes: |Triangle shaped side, has threaded 90° fittings on the left front side for 1/4" ​oil sight tube. \\ Oil spout is on the top of the tank beside the 90° fitting for the 1/4" ​vent hose. "​AMF"​ transfer decal on the left side. \\ Drain plug (704on (L) bottom of tank.|||| 
 +|1979|XL, XLS, XLCH|62449-79|62599-79|Built-into \\ oil tank| 
 +|  Notes: |Triangle shaped side. Drain plug (704) on (L) bottom ​of tankPrimed tank not sold \\ for parts order (no part# until 1981)Painted Part#s: (62450-79DH Vivid Black), (62450-79EN Concord Blue\\ (62450-79EP Chestnut Brown) |||
 +|1980-1981|XL,​ XLS|62587-80|62625-80 \\ 62635-79|Built-into \\ oil tank| 
 +|  Notes|Triangle shaped side. Drain plug (704) on (L) side of tank at the bottom. Non-painted \\ tank not sold for parts order (no part# until 1981). Dipstick 62635-79 with oil temp gauge. Label on cap (62481-80) \\ ie, "Power Blend" etc.|||| 
 +|1982|XL, XLS|62475-81A|62595-82 \\ 62595-82A|66191-81A| 
 +|  Notes|Battery box no longer built to tank. \\ Tank now with rubber mount fasteners. Drain plug (706) on the bottom.||
 +|1983-1993|XL,​ XLS|62475-83|62595-82A|66191-83| 
 +|  Notes|  |||| 
 +|1982-1993|All except XR-1000|62475-97A (98 tank)|62634-84A|66194-94A (97)| 
 +|  Notes|Retrofit ​oil tank kit with battery box, oil lines and fittings. \\ See the link above under sub documents (1982-1993 Sportster Retrofit Oil Tank Kit) for more information.|||| 
 ====== Oil Lines ====== ====== Oil Lines ======
 ===== Sub Documents ===== ===== Sub Documents =====
-  * [[techtalk:​ref:​oil14|Routing Oil Lines with an Oil Cooler]] 
   * [[techtalk:​ref:​oil17#​refoiling_lubrication|Running Copper Oil Lines]]   * [[techtalk:​ref:​oil17#​refoiling_lubrication|Running Copper Oil Lines]]
 \\ \\
Line 23: Line 60:
 The OD of the oil & vent lines is as important as the ID. ((IronMick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241&​page=2)) \\ The OD of the oil & vent lines is as important as the ID. ((IronMick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241&​page=2)) \\
 If you buy automotive lines that are larger OD, they will be difficult to run in the limited space and easy to kink. \\ If you buy automotive lines that are larger OD, they will be difficult to run in the limited space and easy to kink. \\
-Oil lines for 59 and up: \\ 
  
-Feed and Return: 3/8" ID X 5/8" OD reinforced rubber. \\ +Feed and Return: 3/8" ID X 5/8" OD reinforced rubber ​was introduced in 1969. \\ 
-Vent: 1/4" ID, 1/2" OD reinforced rubber. \\ +Vent: 1/4" ID, 1/2" OD reinforced rubber ​also introduced in 1969. \\ 
-The tank is vented to the cam chest becauseit applies a slightly negative pressure to the tank. ((ryder rick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=600218&​page=2)) \\ +The tank is vented to the cam chest because it applies a slightly negative pressure to the tank. ((ryder rick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=600218&​page=2)) \\ 
-This promotes the evacuation of condensate from the tank and keeps the tank from being pressurized. \\ +This promotes the evacuation of condensate from the tank and keeps the tank from being pressurized (by the air that is also returned by the scavenge pump)\\
-(by the air that is also returned by the scavenge pump) \\+
 General oil line routing on AMF Sportsters: \\ General oil line routing on AMF Sportsters: \\
 The vent and the return lines route under the starter and solenoid. (can't run over them since the exhaust is there) ((74XL of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=80209)) \\ The vent and the return lines route under the starter and solenoid. (can't run over them since the exhaust is there) ((74XL of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=80209)) \\
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 ===== Oil Line Routing ===== ===== Oil Line Routing =====
 +XLCH models did not come with a factory fitted oil filter. 1957-1978 XL, XLH models were factory fitted with oil filters inside the oil tank. \\
 +You can swap to an external oil filter on XLH or add an external filter to an XLCH. \\
 +[[techtalk:​ref:​oil13|Click Here]] to reference External Oil Filters in the REF section of the Sportsterpedia. \\
 +
 +  * **1957-1966 XLH and 1958-1969 XLCH**:
 +    * Oil feed from the tank is on the top of the case behind the rear cylinder (rear fitting).
 +    * Oil return to the tank is on the top of the case behind the rear cylinder (front fitting).
 +    * Vent line from the oil tank is on the top of the case behind the rear cylinder (lowest and smallest, 1/4" hose fitting).
 +    * The primary / transmission vents thru the motor internally via the oil transfer valve.
 +    * Drain plug is threaded into the tank.
 +  * **1967-1976 XLH and 1970-1976 XLCH**:
 +    * Oil feed from the tank is on the rear of the oil pump (3/8" hose fitting).
 +    * Oil return to the tank is on the top of the case behind the rear cylinder (3/8" hose fitting).
 +    * Vent line from the oil tank is on the rear of the cam cover (1/4" hose 90° fitting).
 +    * The primary / transmission vents thru the motor internally via the oil transfer valve.
 +    * Drain plug is threaded into the tank.
 +  * **1977-1985 (all models)**:
 +    * Oil feed from the tank is on the lower rear of the oil pump (3/8" hose fitting).
 +    * Oil return to the tank is on the upper front of the oil pump (3/8" hose fitting).
 +    * Vent line from the oil tank is on the rear of the cam cover (1/4" hose 90° fitting).
 +    * The primary / transmission vents to atmosphere from the top of the transmission near the rear motor mount just in front of the solenoid (1/4" hose fitting). \\ [[techtalk:​ih:​oil02|Click here]] for more information on the trans/​primary vent in the Sportsterpedia.
 +      * 77-80: The hose should run straight up under the seat and then loop back down (without kinks).
 +      * 81-85:The hose should run under the starter Over (all oil lines and the rear brake line) and down between the pivot bolt and swing arm (without kinks). ((HD Service Bulletin #M-813 dated January, 30 1981))
 +    * Oil drain:
 +      * 77-82: Drain plug is threaded into the tank.
 +      * 83-85: Drain hose is attached to the tank, runs across the bike terminating on a welded steel plug under the battery tray.  ​
 +
 +**Simplified OEM Oil Line Routing Drawings**: ((drawings by Hippysmack)) \\
 +Click on a drawing to enlarge: \\
 +Proper line routing is crucial. Mixing up the line connections can destroy your engine! \\
 +
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_57-66_xlh_and_58-69_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_67-76_xlh_and_70-76_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_77-78_sportsters_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} \\
 +
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_79-82_sportster_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_83-e84_sportster_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_l84-85_sportster_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} \\
  
 There is a steel bracket that holds the oil line in position. ((Hopper of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=80209&​page=2)) \\ There is a steel bracket that holds the oil line in position. ((Hopper of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=80209&​page=2)) \\
Line 54: Line 123:
 |  Oil Lines on 77 XLCH. ((photos by Hopper of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=209347&​page=10)) ​ || |  Oil Lines on 77 XLCH. ((photos by Hopper of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=209347&​page=10)) ​ ||
 |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_routing_2_by_hopper.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_routing_4_by_hopper.jpg?​direct&​300|}}| |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_routing_2_by_hopper.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_routing_4_by_hopper.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|
-| 
-===== Connections at the Oil Tank ===== 
  
 +===== Line and Fitting Part Numbers =====
  
-There are generally 4 holes on all early style oil tanks. ((Ferrous Head of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1313106&​page=3)) \\ +  * **1957-E1961 XLH** 
-Two near the bottom of the tank and two near the top\\ +    * **Feed Line**: Rubber hose with compression fittings ​on both ends. 
-The feed line will be near the bottom and the return line near the top\\ +      * 63517-54 Rubber hose (oil suction line)'​ 
-These two lines will be bigger than the other two\\ +      * 63533-52 NPT to rubber hose fitting. 
-The smaller line at the bottom is the chain oiler (often not used and blocked off or just turned off). \\ +      * 63529-52 Brass compression sleeve ​(both ends). 
-The smaller ​line at the top is the vent for the tank\\ +      * 63527-52 Compression nut (both ends). 
-(on early engines it runs to the top of the case just behind the rear cylinder\\ +      * 63539-54 Compression to Rubber Hose 45° Elbow.  
-There are internal drilling to route the vent into the cam chest (which vents to atmosphere). \\ +    * **Return Line**: Steel tubing, bare ended, with rubber seal compression fittings on both ends
-On later engines it runs down to the cam cover which has a 90° fitting to accommodate it\\+      * 63507-56A Pre-bent steel tubing
 +      * 63525-50 NPT to tube connector fitting (both ends)
 +      * 63529-50 Rubber compression sleeve ​(both ends). 
 +      * 63527-50 Oil line nut (both ends)
 +    * **Oil Tank Vent Line**: Steel tubing, bare ended, with seal compression fittings ​on both ends. 
 +      * 63570-56 Pre-bent steel tubing. 
 +      * 63526-57 Vent line connector (both ends). 
 +      * 62360-50 Rubber compression sleeve ​(both ends). 
 +      * 62361-50 Oil line nut.
  
-==== XLCH Oil Tank ====+  * **1958- ​XLCH**: 
 +    * **Feed Line**: 
 +      * 62356-53 3/8" Rubber hose. 
 +      * 63540-53 3/8" Hose bibb 45° elbow at the engine. (1958-E1962) 
 +      * 62696-62 3/8" Hose bibb 90° elbow at the engine. (L1962-1965) 
 +    * **Return Line**: 
 +      * 62356-53 3/8" Rubber hose. 
 +      * 63540-52 3/8" Hose bibb 45° elbow at the engine. (1958-E1962) 
 +      * 63540-62 3/8" Hose bibb 90° elbow at the engine. (L1962-1965| 
 +      * 63540-66 1/8" NPT (M-FM) 90° elbow at the engine. (1966-1969) 
 +    * **Vent Line**: 
 +      * 63578-41 Banjo fitting assembly at the oil tank.
  
  
-In a horseshoe tank, the return oil should go to the far side so that oil has to migrate from one side of the tank to the other to get picked up again. ((ryder rick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=600218&​page=2)) \\ +===== Connections at the Oil Tank =====
-Generic XLCH oil tank sketch ((photo by brianbbs67 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1779533&​page=2)) \\ +
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​generic_xlch_oil_tank_sketch_by_brianbbs67.jpg?​direct&​300|}} \\+
  
-Stock XLCH horseshoe tank: (L) ((photo by Dr Dick)), (R) ((photo by fergerburger of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1507891)) \\  
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​horseshoe_tank_by_dr_dick.jpg?​direct&​350|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​58-e63_xlch_horseshoe_tank_by_fergerburger.jpg?​direct&​350|}} \\ 
  
-Aftermarket horseshoe ​tank (no drain): ​((photos ​by CanadianTux ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1313106&page=2)) ((http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1313106&​page=3)) \\ +==== 1957-1978 XL, XLH "​Kidney"​ Tanks ==== 
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​horseshoe_tank_2_by_canadiantux_-_as_annotated.jpg?​direct&​263|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​horseshoe_tank_3_by_canadiantux.jpg?​direct&​197|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​horseshoe_tank_1_by_canadiantux_-_as_annotated.jpg?​direct&​197|}} \\+|  Kidney ​tank on 1964 XLH ((photo by Magneto Sportster ​of the XLFORUM, labeled by Hippysmack ​http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2075542&page=4))  ​| ​ 1970 XLH Style Kidney Tank ((photo by golfish of the XLFORUM, labeled by Hippysmack ​http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1838788))  | 
 +|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1964_xlh_kidney_oil_tank_by_magneto_sportster_-_labeled_by_hippysmack.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1970_xlh_oil_tank_by_golfish.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|
  
-The stock lunch box tanks have the vent and return lines on the top of the tank (and feed on the bottom). ((photos by fdny37 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=532359)) \\ +==== 1958-1965 XLCH (HorseshoeTanks ===
-Return (L), Vent (R) \\ +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​horseshoe_oil_tank_by_fergerburger_labeled_by_hippysmack.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ​((photo by fergerburger of the XLFORUM, annotated by Hippysmack)) ​{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​l1962-1965_xlch_horseshoe_tank_by_ted_b_labeled_by_hippysmack.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ​((photo by Ted B of the XLFORUM, annotated by Hippysmack)) \\
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​68_oil_tank_1_by_fdny37.jpg?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​68_oil_tank_2_by_fdny37.jpg?​direct&​300|}}+
  
-==== XLH Oil Tank ====+==== 1966-1978 XLCH (Lunchbox) Tanks ==== 
 +  * **1966-1969 XLCH Oil Tanks**;  
 +    * The vent line is at the top (banjo fitting with 1/4" hose nipple). 
 +    * The return is on the rear side near the top of the tank (3/8" hose fitting). 
 +    * The feed is on the bottom left behind the flange (3/8" hose fitting). 
 +    * The drain plug is on the left bottom corner. \\ 
 +  * **1970-E1973 XLCH Oil Tanks**; \\ There are (3) 1/8" NPT fittings all on the bottom of tank. 
 +    * The lone fitting rear of the center flange is the feed (straight 3/8" hose barb). 
 +    * The fitting forward of the flange on the left (primary) side of the tank is the return and also uses a straight 3/8" hose barb. 
 +    * The fitting forward of the flange on the right (cam side) is the tank vent uses a 90° hose barb fitting for a 1/4" hose. ((Dr Dick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5442638#​post5442638)) 
 +    * The drain plug is on the right bottom corner. \\
  
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_diagram_by_brianbbs67.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((Diagram ​by brianbbs67 ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1779533&​page=3)) \\+{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1966-1969_xlch_oil_tank_fittings_by_bwf347.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by Bwf347 ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5895071#​post5895071)) \\
  
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​73_oil_tank_4_by_vampkiller.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by vampkiller ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1779533&​page=3)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_routing_1_by_hopper.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by Hopper ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=209347&page=10)) \\+{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1970-e1973_xlch_oil_tank_pic1_by_bwf347.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photos ​by Bwf347 ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5895117#​post5895117)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1970-e1973_xlch_oil_tank_pic2_by_bwf347.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photos ​by Bwf347 ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5895117#​post5895117)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1970-e1973_xlch_oil_tank_pic3_by_bwf347.jpg?​direct&300|}} ((photos by Bwf347 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5895117#​post5895117)) \\
  
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​73_oil_tank_1_by_vampkiller.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by vampkiller ​of the XLFORUM ​http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1779533&​page=3)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​73_oil_tank_2_by_vampkiller.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by vampkiller ​of the XLFORUM ​http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1779533&​page=3)) +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​l1973-1978_xlch_oil_tank_pic1_by_paraord.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by paraord ​of the XLFORUM)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​l1973-1978_xlch_oil_tank_pic2_by_paraord.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by paraord ​of the XLFORUM)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​l1973-1978_xlch_oil_tank_pic3_by_paraord.jpg?​direct&​300|}}((photo by paraord ​of the XLFORUM)) \\
- {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​73_oil_tank_3_by_vampkiller.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ((photo by vampkiller ​of the XLFORUM ​http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1779533&​page=3)) \\+
  
-==== Custom ​Oil Tank ====+==== 1979-1981 Sportster ​Oil Tank ==== 
 +There were two tanks used (79 and 80-81) and both of them connect to the engine the same way. \\ 
 +The vent is the right angle nipple on the top of the right side (1/4" hose fitting). \\ 
 +The return is the upper straight nipple on the left side of the tank (3/8" hose fitting). \\ 
 +The feed is the lower straight nipple on the left side of the tank (3/8" hose fitting). \\ 
 +The drain plug is on the left bottom (79) and left side at the bottom (80-81). \\
  
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1979_sportster_oil_tank_by_smerch.jpg?​direct&​300|}} (((photo by smerch of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=3879862&​highlight=oil+tank#​post3879862)) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1980-1981_sportster_oil_tank_fittings_by_cycle_warehouse.png?​direct&​300|}} ((photo courtesy of Cycle Warehouse https://​cyclewarehouse.online/​ (Ebay seller cyclewarehouse) ))
  
-This tank is pretty straight forward((photo by knotwerk ​of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) ​\\  +==== 1982-1993 Sportster Oil Tank ==== 
-Top (2fittings are vent and fill. \\  +The 82-93 tanks basically look the same cosmetically and hose connections are the same with the exception of the drain plug\\ 
-Bottom fitting ​is supply to the engine. \\  +The vent is the right angle nipple fitting on top of the tank (1/4" hose fitting). \\ 
-It also has no drain fitting. \\  +The return is the upper right angle nipple on the back side (3/8" hose fitting). \\ 
-{{:techtalk:​ih:​oil:​67_oil_routing_2_by_knotwerk.jpg?​direct&​300|}}+The feed is the right angle nipple on the bottom of the tank (3/8" hose fitting). \\ 
 +1982: There is a drain plug on the bottom of the tank. \\ 
 +1983-1993The drain is the bigger straight nipple on the back near the bottom of the tank (1/2" hose fitting)\\
  
-On this one (on a 74 XLH), the vent is higher than the feed and return lines. ((photos by vyper202 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1570042)) \\ +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1982_sportster_oil_tank_fittings.png?​direct&​300|}} ​((1982 Sportster Oil Tank (used with permission) )) {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1983-1993_sportster_oil_tank_by_billeuze.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ​((photo by billeuze of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1192983)) \\
-{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​74_oil_line_routing_2_by_vyper202.jpg?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​74_oil_line_routing_5_by_vyper202.jpg?​direct&​300|}}+
  
 +===== Connections at the Oil Filter =====
 +[[techtalk:​ref:​oil13|Click Here]] to reference "​**Remote Oil Filters**"​ in the REF section of the Sportsterpedia for plumbing, connections and custom applications. \\
  
- 
- 
-===== Connections at the Oil Filter ===== 
 The oil filter (HD 63782-80T) is the small one that is usually used on custom bikes. Chrome or black can be found. ((IronMick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) \\ The oil filter (HD 63782-80T) is the small one that is usually used on custom bikes. Chrome or black can be found. ((IronMick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) \\
- 
-It is also commonly known that the more oil you hold, the more motor heat can be transferred to dissipate that heat. \\ 
-Race bikes have huge oil tanks for that reason. ((Monte03 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) \\ 
-If you go the filter route, be sure to purge the lines by bleeding the pump front nipple first while running. \\ 
-Then take the return line and place it into a pail before you connect to the barb tank fitting so you assure a complete circle has been made. 
  
 On all spin on oil filters, dirty oil goes in the outside of the filter. Clean oil comes out the center. (( ryder rick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5643382&​highlight=oil+filter+bracket#​post5643382)) \\ On all spin on oil filters, dirty oil goes in the outside of the filter. Clean oil comes out the center. (( ryder rick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​p=5643382&​highlight=oil+filter+bracket#​post5643382)) \\
 If you are not sure, start the motor momentarily with the filter off and if oil is pumped out the center port, you have it backwards. \\ If you are not sure, start the motor momentarily with the filter off and if oil is pumped out the center port, you have it backwards. \\
  
-Plumbing for an external ​oil filter; ((hcrashster of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1526849)) \\ +1979 Sportsters didn't initially come stock with an oil filter ​at allThe MoCo offered an oil filter kit for it. \\
-Left or right side (depending on manufacturer) = Dirty oil in. \\ +
-Center= Little bit cleaner oil out. \\+
  
-|  Oil Line Routing ((Drawing by Dieselox4 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=475120)) ​ | 
-|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​oil_line_routing_by_dieselox4.jpg?​direct&​300|}}| 
- 
-|  74 XLH Oil Filter Plumbing ((photo by vyper202 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1570042)) ​ | 
-|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​74_oil_line_routing_4_by_vyper202.jpg?​direct&​300|}}| 
 ===== Connections at the Engine ===== ===== Connections at the Engine =====
-Early Sportsters had the lines route to the top of the case. ((Monte03 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) \\ +|Oil line connections on a 61 XLCH ((photo by ironheadjunkie of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​threadid=1313106)) \\ Fittings (L) Return, (R) Feed, (hole) Vent|Oil line connections on a 67 XLCH ((photo by knotwerk of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) \\ 1- Return to tank, 2- Feed to motor, 3- Vent hose ((Monte03 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241))| 
-Later the MoCo routed a line directly to the back of the oil pump. \\ +|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​61_oil_line_routing_by_ironheadjunkie.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​67_oil_routing_1_by_knotwerk.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|
- +
-There is a transmission vent on top of the case in the area near the starter solenoid. ((IronMick of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241&​page=2)) \\ +
-This one should just vent to atmosphere, either up attached to the frame, or down aimed to ground. \\ +
- +
-|Oil line connections on a 61 XLCH ((photo by ironheadjunkie of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​threadid=1313106)) \\ Fittings (L) Return, (R) Feed, (hole) Vent|Oil line connections on a 67 XLH ((photo by knotwerk of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241)) \\ 1- Return to tank, 2- Feed to motor, 3- Vent hose ((Monte03 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=563241))|Oil line connections on a 68 XLCH ((photo by V of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=462481))| +
-|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​61_oil_line_routing_by_ironheadjunkie.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​67_oil_routing_1_by_knotwerk.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​68_xlch_oil_routing_2_by_fdny37.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|+
  
 | Oil lines on a 71 XLH w/ \\ custom mounted oil tank bungs ((photo by JonesL of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2071385&​highlight=oil+filter)) ​ |  Oil lines on a 72 XLCH (no filter) ((photo by Scuba10jdl of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2071385&​highlight=oil+filter)) ​ | | Oil lines on a 71 XLH w/ \\ custom mounted oil tank bungs ((photo by JonesL of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2071385&​highlight=oil+filter)) ​ |  Oil lines on a 72 XLCH (no filter) ((photo by Scuba10jdl of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2071385&​highlight=oil+filter)) ​ |
Line 150: Line 230:
 |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​74_oil_fittings_under_the_cover_by_whynot-_annotated.jpg?​direct&​200|}}| |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​74_oil_fittings_under_the_cover_by_whynot-_annotated.jpg?​direct&​200|}}|
  
-===== Connection to Oil Cooler ===== + 
-See [[techtalk:​ref:​oil14|External Oil Coolers]] in the REF section of the Sportsterpedia. \\+ 
 +===== Connections Using an Oil Cooler ===== 
 +XLCH models did not come with a factory fitted oil filter. 1957-1978 XL, XLH models were factory fitted with oil filters inside the oil tank. \\ 
 +You can swap to an external oil filter on XLH or add an external filter to an XLCH. \\ 
 +[[techtalk:​ref:​oil13|Click Here]] to reference ​External Oil Filters in the REF section of the Sportsterpedia. \\ 
 +[[techtalk:​ref:​oil14|Click Here]] to reference External Oil Coolers ​in the REF section of the Sportsterpedia ​(includes hose routing pics). \\ 
 + 
 +**Notes**: \\ 
 +  * **The oil cooler is plumbed into the RETURN side of the oiling system**. 
 +    * All oil coolers and lines are installed in the part of the oil flow loop that returns engine oil to the oil tank. \\ The oil outlet must direct oil flow into oil filter or the return hose to the oil tank. \\   ​**CAUTION**:​ DO NOT CONNECT THE OIL COOLER IN THE FEED PATH BETWEEN THE OIL TANK AND OIL PUMP. \\ 
 +  * **Oil cooler inlet and outlet**. 
 +    * On oil coolers without a built-in thermostat, either side can be an inlet or an outlet. Be sure you remember which you decide is the inlet/​outlet. 
 +  * **Which first, oil cooler or oil filter**? 
 +    * Although the cooler must be in the oil flow return loop, it can be installed either before or after the oil filter. 
 + 
 +  * **For 1957-1978 models**: 
 +    * Below are drawings for adding an oil cooler inline WITH FACTORY OILING SYSTEMS that have the filter in the oil tank. 
 + 
 +**Simplified Oil Line Routing Drawings Using an Oil Cooler**: ((drawings by Hippysmack)) \\ 
 +Click on a drawing to enlarge: \\ 
 +Proper line routing is crucial. Mixing up the line connections can destroy your engine! \\ 
 + 
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_cooler_57-66_xlh_and_58-69_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_cooler_67-76_xlh_and_70-76_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_cooler_77-78_sportsters_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} \\ 
 + 
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_cooler_79-82_sportster_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_cooler_83-e84_sportster_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_cooler_l84-85_sportster_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} \\ 
 + 
 +===== Connections For Converting 57-78 Models to an Ext Oil Filter and Oil Cooler ===== 
 + 
 +1957-1978 XL/XLH models had an oil filter factory installed in the oil tank and 1958 XLC/XLCH models didn't have an oil filter factory installed. \\ 
 +To use an external filter on XL/XLH models, the oil filter has to be removed from the tank and the plumbing for the oil filter and oil cooler are shown in the diagrams below. \\ 
 +Any XLCH having an in-tank oil filter also needs that filter removed. \\  
 + 
 + 
 +**Simplified Oil Line Routing Drawings for Converting 1957-1978 models to an External Oil Filter**: ((drawings by Hippysmack)) \\ 
 +Click on a drawing to enlarge: \\ 
 +Proper line routing is crucial. Mixing up the line connections can destroy your engine! \\ 
 + 
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_external_oil_filter_57-66_xlh_and_58-69_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_external_oil_filter_67-76_xlh_70-76_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_external_oil_filter_77-78_sportsters_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} \\ 
 + 
 +**Simplified Oil Line Routing Drawings for Converting 1957-1978 models to an External Oil Filter and an Oil Cooler**: ((drawings by Hippysmack)) \\ 
 +Click on a drawing to enlarge: \\ 
 + 
 +{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_filter_and_cooler_57-66_xlh_and_58-69_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_filter_and_cooler_67-76_xlh_70-76_xlch_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} {{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​simplified_oil_routing_with_oil_filter_and_cooler_77-78_sportsters_by_hippysmack.png?​direct&​300|}} \\ 
 + 
 +====== Oil Drains ====== 
 +1957-1982 OEM oil tank models have a threaded plug screwed into the tank either on the bottom or on the side at the bottom. \\ 
 + 
 +1983-Up models tanks have no drain plug but rather a drain hose from the back side of the tank plugged under the battery tray (left side). \\ 
 +It comes out from the tank, makes a 90 degree bend to the rear and fits into a cylindrical plug welded to the underside of the battery tray. \\ 
 +(on the rear part of the tray, near where the battery strap is fastened) ((John Harper of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1985862)) \\ 
 + 
 +|   83-93 OEM oil drain location ((photo by RökkenRöll of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=2069295)) ​ |   Oil drain with 82-93 retro oil tank ((photo by chris16371 of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1985862)) ​ |  
 +|{{:​techtalk:​evo:​oil:​1989_xlh_1200_engine_oil_drain_hose_by_rokkenroll.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​1982-1993_sportster_retrofit_oil_tank_kit_drain_hose_by_chris16371.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|
  
 ====== Oil Lines to the Rockers ====== ====== Oil Lines to the Rockers ======
Line 206: Line 338:
  
 ==== Copper ==== ==== Copper ====
- 
 |  Copper Oil Lines ((photo by Sadsack of the XLFORUM ​ http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1793589)) ​ | |  Copper Oil Lines ((photo by Sadsack of the XLFORUM ​ http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1793589)) ​ |
 |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​copper_oil_lines_by_sadsack.jpg?​direct&​200|}}| |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​copper_oil_lines_by_sadsack.jpg?​direct&​200|}}|
Line 228: Line 359:
 |  Stainless steel oil lines ((photo by Bustert of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1793589&​page=4)) ​ || |  Stainless steel oil lines ((photo by Bustert of the XLFORUM http://​xlforum.net/​forums/​showthread.php?​t=1793589&​page=4)) ​ ||
 |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​stainless_oil_lines_by_bustert.jpg?​direct&​200|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​stainless_oil_lines_2_by_bustert.jpg?​direct&​300|}}| |{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​stainless_oil_lines_by_bustert.jpg?​direct&​200|}}|{{:​techtalk:​ih:​oil:​stainless_oil_lines_2_by_bustert.jpg?​direct&​300|}}|
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